Shazar, Shneur Zalman
- (formerly Rubashov)(1889-1974)Israel's third president (1963-73). Born in Mir in the Minsk Province of Russia on 6 October 1889, he later moved with his family to Stolbtsy, where he received a traditional heder education. Encouraged by his parents' Zionism, he entered the Poalei Zion Movement in Russia in 1905. During the unsuccessful Russian Revolution of 1905, he participated in Jewish self-defense groups. In 1907, he moved to Vilna, where he wrote for Yiddish newspapers in Russia and in the United States. He left for Palestine in 1911 but returned to Russia, and then beginning in 1912, he studied at several German universities. In 1916, he became one of the founders of the Labor Zionist Movement in Germany and the next year helped found the Hehalutz Movement in Germany. At the Poalei Zion conference in Vienna in 1920, he gained notice as a prominent spokesman for the right wing. He was responsible for the first conference of the World Hehalutz Organization in 1921.Shazar settled in Palestine in 1924, became a member of the secretariat of the Histadrut, and joined the editorial board of Davar. In 1949, he was elected to Israel's first Knesset and served as minister of education and culture, in which he was responsible for the 1949 Compulsory Education Law. In 1952, the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics refused to accept him as Israel's ambassador. In that same year, he became a member of the executive of the Jewish Agency and headed the Department of Information and after 1954 the Department of Education and Culture in the Diaspora.Between 1956 and 1960, he was acting chairman of the Jewish Agency's Jerusalem executive.Shazar was elected the third president of Israel on 21 May 1963, reelected in March 1968, and served until 1973. As president, he sponsored the Bible Study Circle and the Circle for the Study of the Diaspora. He wrote voluminously on political, social, and historical themes. In January 1964, he was awarded the Bialik Prize for his book on Jewish personalities. He died on 5 October 1974.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
SHAZAR (Rubashov), SHNEUR ZALMAN — (1889–1974), third president of the State of Israel, scholar and writer, member of the First to Third Knessets. Shazar (acronym for Shneur Zalman Rubashov) was born in the Belorussian town of Mir in the province of Minsk. In 1892, after a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Shazar (Rubashov), Shneur Zalman — (b. 1899) Third president of Israel. Rubashov (later, Shazar, from the Hebrew initials of his name) was born in Russia. He helped organize Jewish self defence groups during the 1905 revolution and became active in the Marxist Zionist Poale… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Shneur, Zalman of Lyady — (1745–1813) Founder of Chabad Chassidism. Zalman Shneur was born in Byelorussia, and at the age of twenty moved to Mezhirech to join DOV BAER the maggid, the head of the chassidic movement. After the maggid’s death, Zalman Shneur was… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Zalman Shazar — Infobox President | name =Zalman Shazar nationality =Israeli small caption = order =3rd President of the State of Israel term start =May 21, 1963 term end =May 24, 1973 predecessor =Yitzhak Ben Zvi successor =Ephraim Katzir birth date =Birth… … Wikipedia
Shazar, Zalman — ▪ president of Israel original name Shneur Zalman Rubashev born October 6, 1889, Mir, Belarus, Russian Empire [now Belarus] died October 5, 1974, Jerusalem Israeli journalist, scholar, and politician who was the third president of Israel… … Universalium
SHABBETAI ẒEVI — (1626–1676), the central figure of Shabbateanism, the messianic movement named after him. Background of the Movement Shabbateanism was the largest and most momentous messianic movement in Jewish history subsequent to the destruction of the Temple … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POLITICAL LIFE AND PARTIES — Introduction It was largely due to the existence of the pre state political parties, which had conducted intensive political activities for almost half a century within the framework of the yishuv , under the British Mandate for Palestine, that… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Moshe Schneersohn — Part of a series on Chabad Rebbes of Lubavitch … Wikipedia
Prix Bialik — Le prix Bialik est un prix littéraire annuel décerné par la municipalité de Tel Aviv, pour récompenser des avancées significatives en littérature hébraïque. Le prix a été nommé ainsi en mémoire de Haïm Nahman Bialik, poète de langue hébraïque. Il … Wikipédia en Français
Menachem Mendel Schneerson — For the third Rebbe of the Chabad Lubavitch dynasty see Menachem Mendel Schneersohn Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson Lubavitcher Rebbe … Wikipedia